Kingdom of Italy

Kingdom of Italy during World War 1

Before the outbreak of World War One Italy generally allied with Germany and Austria-Hungry as it was an official member of the Triple Alliance.

The Italians had enhanced its diplomatic relationships with Great Britain and France before the First World War Only a few days after the outbreak of World War One

the Italian Government led by Antonio Salandra would not commit any Italian Troops maintaining the Triple Alliance had only a defensive stance and that Austria-Hungry had been the aggressor of the First World War.

Italy refused to join the Germans and Austria Hungry and Italy entered the War on the allied side on May 15th, 1917.

The Italians suffered very heavy losses and made very little progress with continuous Attacks on Austria at the start of the Italians campaign.

The Italians success came in October 1918 with the Italians deep in Austrian Territory and fighting finally ended on November 3rd, 1918.

The Italian front or Alpine front (Italian: Fronte alpino, “Alpine front”; in German: Gebirgskrieg, “Mountain war”) was a series of battles at the border between Austria-Hungary and Italy, fought between 1915 and 1918 in World War I.

Following the secret promises made by the Allies in the Treaty of London, Italy entered the war in order to annex the Austrian Littoral and northern Dalmatia, and the territories of present-day Trentino and South Tyrol.

Although Italy had hoped to gain the territories with a surprise offensive, the front soon bogged down into trench warfare, similar to the Western Front fought in France, but at high altitudes and with very cold winters.

Fighting along the front displaced much of the civilian population, of which several thousand died from malnutrition and illness in Italian and Austrian refugee camps.

The Allied victory at Vittorio Veneto, the disintegration of Austria-Hungary, and the Italian capture of Trento, Bolzano, and Trieste ended the military operations.

Italy also refers to the Great War as the Third War of Independence, which completed the last stage of the Italian unification.

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